The most popular choice in roofing material are asphalt shingles. They are very popular because of many reasons. A recent study of homeowners discovered asphalt shingles are used by 75% of homeowners* in America. These shingles are popular because they are available at various price points and are also available in variety of sizes. The life of asphalt shingles can range from 20-40 years.
Asphalt roofing shingles are available in various types. One of them is the fiberglass based, mat based roof shingles and the other type is the organic based, mat based shingles. Our friends at Downriver Roofing have been providing these materials to Dearborn Heights, Michigan residents for over two decades. Here are basic descriptions for each type of shingle and its various compliance factors.
Fiberglass shingles are lightweight. They appear thinner too. It is because their backing has been made from fiberglass which is a light and thin material. A typical asphalt shingle bundle can weigh anywhere between 70 to 140lbs. There are usually 3 bundles of shingles for each square, i.e. 100 square feet. Thus, the lightweight fiberglass shingles are easier for roofers to carry up ladders. Another added benefit is that they are more fire resistant and the warranty offered is also for a longer period as compared to organic shingles.
The organic-based, mat shingles are very heavy and their finish is not as smooth as fiberglass-based shingles. The mat of the organic-based shingle is made from asphalt and felt paper. They become heavier because in a fiberglass shingle, less asphalt is used whereas in organic shingles more asphalt is used, and asphalt makes them heavy. On the other hand, organic-based shingles are more flexible yet also more water absorbing which gives them the tendency to warp after a certain period. Because of these reasons, fiberglass shingles are more popular in the central and southern parts of the USA. The organic shingles are more popular in the northern part of the USA.
If you are using organic shingles for your home then you must take the account that they comply with the ASTM D 3452 standards and also assure that they comply with ASTM D 225 standards as well. It is becoming increasingly mandated by municipalities that organic shingles meet compliance. When doing the job yourself, be certain to read the label on your choice of shingles and check that the above standards are met. Both fiberglass and organic asphalt can be anywhere in the price range of $25 and $ 80 per square.
If all of this sounds like a complete headache, call a pro! The folks at Downriver Roofing would be more than happy to help you with your decision-making regardless of which state you reside.